Glasses for red wine - the history of appearance, how they differ from glasses for white wine

Properly selected glasses for red wine will help you fully enjoy an alcoholic drink. Their shape affects the taste, balance and aftertaste. You can check this by tasting the same high-quality wine from different vessels, it will not be difficult to notice the difference. There are a number of rules regarding the choice of such wine glasses.

History of wine glasses

The concept of “wine glasses” appeared in the second half of the 18th century, it was invented by the representative of the Austrian dynasty of glassware manufacturers Klaus Riedel. His discovery was that the aroma and taste of the drink depend on the shape of the glass. The glazier suggested abandoning carved and colored containers and presented the world with thin-walled classic red wine glasses without decorations, which are still used during wine tastings to this day.

Even with explicit arguments from winemakers, sommeliers and ordinary lovers, this concept was only accepted in the 20th century. Until that time, everyone continued to use any containers that were nearby for drinking wine, as they did before. Later the theory was developed, its result was the creation of variations of wine glasses, each of which corresponded to a different grape variety, maturity and other parameters.

set of glasses

What is the difference between red and white wine glasses?

The main difference is the shape of the glasses. Amateurs and professional sommeliers know that wine is a mixture of aromatic substances (phenols) that are endowed with high volatility. Regularly shaped glasses for white and red wine help to control the area of ​​contact of the drink with air and, as a result, reveal its aroma.

Existing types of alcoholic beverages differ in saturation, so glasses should be different. For red wine – barrel-shaped and have a narrowed neck. The extended top of the container increases the intensity of the release of phenols, and the reduced neck collects the aroma together. White wine is a light drink with a less intense aroma. In this regard, wine glasses have straight walls without narrowing.

Red wine glass shapes

Consider what glasses they drink red wine from:

  1. Burgundian. The shape is like a ball.
  2. Bordeaux. Conical shape for drinks with moderate acidity.
  3. grand cru. Specially created for the world’s greatest wines.

Burgundy wine glasses

Such vessels are intended for light drinks. Wine glasses have the following characteristics:

  • capacity – up to 700 ml;
  • the form is wide, but low.

Such wine glasses for red wine help the aroma to be freely distributed throughout the container and fully open after mixing with air. The edge of the vessel allows you to better feel a wide range of aromas and tastes. This form is often used by professional tasters, because it can quickly reveal the weakness of the wine or its fragile structure, which indicates a low quality drink. From these glasses for red wine, it is recommended to drink the following varieties of wine:

  • “Burgundy”;
  • “Pino”;
  • “Noir”;
  • “Barbaresco”;
  • “Barolo”;
  • “Barbera”;
  • “Xinomavro”;
  • “Beaujolais”.

burgundy glasses

Bordeaux wine glasses

Such a glass is used for drinking grape drinks of medium acidity and a strength of about 12̊. Glasses of a conical shape are endowed with the following characteristics:

  • volume – up to 600 ml;
  • the shape is elongated, the rim is narrowed.

This form pushes away the harsh notes of a rich aroma, slightly suppressing the opening bouquet. From these glasses for red wine, it is recommended to drink the following varieties:

  • “Merlot”;
  • “Shiraz”;
  • “Cabernet Franc”;
  • “Primitive”;
  • “Zinfandel”.

Bordeaux glasses

Grand Cru glasses

This type of glass cannot be confused with others, it is used for expensive and well-aged grape drinks. Grand Cru looks like this:

  • volume – up to 1 l;
  • the shape of a glass for red wine is spherical with a slightly elongated top and an extended rim.

Such large glasses for red wine are filled with a maximum of 150 ml. Aromas fill such a glass in layers:

  • floral rise up;
  • the middle is filled with “earthy” flavors;
  • wood shades and spirits remain at the bottom.

The following types of wines are poured into such glasses for red wine:

  • “Barolo”;
  • “Barbaresco”.

grand cru

How to choose glasses for red wine?

To purchase good products, it is recommended to know what glasses for red wine should be:

  1. Material. You can choose glass or crystal. Containers made of the second material reveal the shade, but are more expensive and more fragile. There are no major differences in taste.
  2. bowl shape. Depends on your favorite drinks.
  3. Volume. Red wines are consumed from large glasses.
  4. Glass thickness. The walls should be as thin as possible. With low practicality, the transfer of aroma is maximum.
  5. neck rim. Should be uniform without seals and recesses.
  6. material texture. Glass without turbidity, transparent and clean. The walls are even.

How to properly hold a glass of red wine?

An alcoholic drink of a rich bright color fills a vessel by a third. Wine doesn’t like heat, so you need to learn how to hold your glasses properly to minimize contact.

  1. The support is clamped with the index finger and thumb. The rest of the hand is freely placed on the footrest.
  2. The thin leg is held in the way of a fountain pen.
  3. The base is covered with the thumb, placing it on the footboard, the middle and index fingers are placed in the lower part of the leg.
  4. Bring fingers together except for the thumb towards the center. The upper part of the phalanx of the index together with the middle one support the glass.

how to hold a glass

How to drink wine from a glass?

Aroma and taste are important components in the process of determining the quality of a drink. A good wine in the wrong glass may not be as tasty, and a mediocre drink in the right vessel can emphasize strengths and partially remove weaknesses. Proper serving and drinking of wine is a special art:

  1. The aromatic drink should be cool, but not chilled.
  2. Take the bottle by the base and fill the wine glasses. Red wine is poured a little less than half the volume, it will be able to “breathe” and reveal the aroma.
  3. Before the first sip, it is recommended to shake the drink a little to moisten the walls. This will increase the evaporation area and make the aroma intense.
  4. The sips are made small, retaining a little liquid in the mouth before swallowing.

Wine glass care

Drinkware care includes the following manipulations:

  1. Wine glasses should preferably be washed by hand under warm water. It is better to do this immediately after use to eliminate the need for detergents.
  2. It is recommended to purchase a special soft brush for the care of such dishes. Otherwise, use a separate sponge.
  3. It is recommended to rinse the glasses in plenty of warm water. If desired, you can add a drop of vinegar or lemon juice to it, which makes the glass shine.
  4. Dry a set of red wine glasses upside down, blot any drops with a microfiber cloth.
  5. To add extra shine after drying, it is recommended to pour steam over the glasses, for example, by holding them over boiling water. Then wipe them off with a dry soft cloth.


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