The dimensions of the hood for the kitchen depend on the dimensions of the room, stove, for built-in models – also on the size of the furniture. Therefore, the device is usually purchased after the stove, and their location is planned and taken into account even during the repair.
On sale there are a lot of models of hoods with different sizes, power and design. The main types are flow and recirculation. They differ in the principle of operation: the first ones take the air out of the kitchen into the shaft, the second ones filter it and return it back to the room. Many modern devices connected to the ventilation shaft can operate in both modes. To do this, you need to install another filter in them – coal, to absorb odors.
Attention! Earned on our site kitchen constructor. You can get acquainted with it and design the kitchen of your dreams for free! You can also use a wardrobe designer.
According to the installation method, suspended models are distinguished on the wall, domed on the ceiling and built-in. The latter are often made retractable to increase the air intake surface.
In addition to the dimensions of the device itself, the configuration of the ventilation pipes for the hood is taken into account. If the diameter of the air duct does not match the outlet of the device and the inlet to the shaft, the performance of the device drops, and the noise level increases.
For a room in which every centimeter counts, compact devices are suitable: telescopic (with a sliding panel) and built-in (the narrowest of all). Both types can be mounted in a wall cabinet, which will additionally serve as storage space.
Small kitchen hoods are used on a 2-burner stove. In this case, the dimensions of the hood are 30, 40, 45 cm wide. If a family of 2 people rarely cooks on the stove, and the size of the kitchen is small, it makes no sense to install a large hood.
The most common, 60 cm
Hoods with a size of 50 – 60 cm are medium. They are also the most common, since the 4-burner stove has the same dimensions. The standard hood parameters are 55 – 60 cm, they correspond to the most purchased models. They are installed in a kitchen with an area of 9 sq.
These devices do not look bulky, neat, easy to install and easy to purchase at a reasonable price.
There are also larger hoods. They are needed in the kitchen combined with the living room, dining room, in professional kitchens. They are installed above the island or at the working wall. The most commonly used are suspended and domed. Such devices occupy the most free space, but on large areas they look presentable and solid.
The shape of household appliances resembles a trapezoid, oval, rectangle. The dimensions of the hood for a large kitchen range from 70 to 120 cm.
Norms and requirements for a kitchen hood
The dimensions of the hoods are not as important as the performance. The power of the device depends on the volume of the room. According to the norms, in order to calculate sufficient performance, you need to multiply the volume of the kitchen by 10, and preferably by 12. If the device is planned to be installed higher than usual, you need to take a model with a higher performance. Below is a table for calculating the power of the hood, based on the parameters of the room:
The height of the device above the stove also plays a huge role. A distance of 65 cm above the electric stove and 75 above the gas is considered safe. For inclined models over 55 cm.
With a gas stove installed in the kitchen, a recirculation hood is not suitable, as it does not rid the air of carbon monoxide.
The dimensions of the built-in hood correspond to the upper cabinet, which is located above the stove. In order for the suction area to be sufficient and at the same time not to beat your head against the device, telescopic models are chosen, that is, with a sliding panel.
Usually the width of kitchen hoods is equal to the depth of the appliance. This is due to the fact that the hobs of the stove are made predominantly square in shape. If the kitchen is narrow and there is a desire to reduce the depth of the hood, a pull-out model will be an alternative. When folded, the kitchen hood occupies half the depth, if necessary, reaching 60 cm due to the retractable panel. An inclined hood can also save space.
The device itself has a height of about 120 cm. This applies to the supply and exhaust models, in which there is a large engine inside. Recirculating hoods have a minimum height of a few cm, which makes it easy to fit them into any kitchen. With a shortage of space, you can choose this solution to the problem. However, in terms of power, it is significantly inferior to flow systems and requires periodic maintenance – filter change.
To make it convenient to use the device, the control panel should be slightly above eye level.
Compliance with the dimensions of electric stoves and hoods
Wrong if the working surface of the hood is less than the hob. It will not be able to qualitatively purify the air from steam, grease, and other small particles. All this will fall on the nearest surface and settle on them. Therefore, one-time savings can lead to large expenses later on repairs.
With large areas of the room, frequent cooking, you can install a hood that surpasses the stove in its dimensions. It is important to understand that in addition to dimensions, the power of the device must be taken into account, there is no direct relationship between them.
The dimensions of the built-in hoods must clearly correspond to the dimensions of the cabinet. It is easier to do this if the equipment is bought before the headset, or the furniture is made to order.
The distance to the plate is not taken into account in vain. If the location is closer than expected, there is a risk of ignition of the device, melting of materials.
You also need to attach the hood itself well to the wall. Based on the weight of the product, reliable fasteners are selected. Hanging models are mounted to the wall, domed to the ceiling, built-in hoods inside the cabinet. In the latter case, it is important to firmly fix the cabinet on the wall. The air duct is fixed in several places, every 1 or 1.5 meters.
In order for the unit to effectively purify the air, the exhaust pipe must be properly connected. Its diameter should not be less than the hole in the shaft of the house. When choosing the path of the pipe, you need to make as few turns as possible, angles less than 90 degrees are unacceptable.
The size of the air duct for the kitchen hood is 3 – 30 cm in diameter, it is selected for a specific model of the appliance. On a standard kitchen area of 8-10 m2, pipe diameters from 18 to 24 cm are most often used. For rectangular air ducts, dimensions are 55 – 60 cm by 110 – 205 cm.
Device selection is determined by:
- Operating mode. Exhaust models take up more space, but do a better job of cleaning the air. Recirculating compact, more noisy. They are placed only when it is not possible to fit a flow device into the interior. The dimensions of the hood for a kitchen with a vent to the ventilation are usually larger than without a vent.
- The performance of the device is determined by the volume of air that passes through it and is cleaned per unit of time. No need to put a powerful model if you rarely cook. The norm is such a performance that allows you to completely change the air in the kitchen in 1 hour.
- By type of attachment and location: corner hood, island, hanging, fireplace (they are also domed).
- Depending on the control method – touch, push-button. Many come with a remote control.
- The standard design of the device is stainless steel, suitable for different styles of kitchen. Glass hoods with a tinted effect look more original. You can buy products painted in a suitable color. The most common are black, white, gray, you can choose beige, brown, silver models.
The choice of location for the hood is influenced by the location of the stove and the outlet to the ventilation duct.
More and more buyers prefer inclined, or visor models. They look elegant, modern, create less noise during operation, and save energy. The regulation of the device is simple and convenient, it includes a wide range of possibilities: delayed start, choice of operating mode, duration, automatic shutdown after a specified time. Many due to the built-in odor sensors turn on automatically, without requiring human intervention. There is an option to determine the condition of the filter, which helps to keep the device clean and in working order.
Another function that is firmly entrenched in kitchen hoods is the lighting of the hob, since almost all appliances are equipped with lamps. When buying, you need to pay attention to which lamps are built into the panel. Incandescent lamps get very hot themselves and heat the surface of the device. It is better to give preference to LED lamps.
Recirculation devices purify the air due to the fact that it passes through grease and carbon filters. Fat is periodically cleaned with detergents, coal is replaced with a new one. The device is attached to the bottom surface of the cabinet or to the wall.
Pull-out models are a great choice for limited kitchen space. They hide under the bottom wall of a wall cabinet or in a countertop. The latter in working condition have a vertical position.
In kitchens with a minimalist design, hi-tech, neoclassic, T-shaped hoods are suitable. Models of fireplace type complement well the classics, Provence.
Among the inclined models are:
- Bosch DWK065G20 is very economical (class C). Air suction is enhanced, as there are additional holes along the perimeter, capacity is 530 m3/hour. Does not have a check valve.
- Krona LIVA S 600 is extremely quiet (noise level is 38 dB), capacity is 550 m3/hour. Engine warranty 7 years. There is a check valve, perimetric suction, inexpensive. Works in two modes, at three speeds.
Of the domed ones, the Pyramida KH 50 IX has proven itself well, with a throughput of 600 m3 / hour, it is very noisy at high speeds (58 dB). Combines two modes, an additional carbon filter can be installed for recirculation. The check valve is included in the package.
Of the built-in TOP 10 for 2020, Maunfeld Urania 53 was included. Large capacity 1250 m3 / hour, four speeds, additional suction around the perimeter, check valve. Noise up to 52 dB, which is acceptable for such a powerful model.
Model for installation above the island – Ventolux Isola Cube 1200. Super powerful (1200 m3 / h) with small dimensions of 35 and 39 cm. Lighting is provided by halogen lamps, due to which the device does not overheat. Work only in exhaust mode, the check valve protects against air from the ventilation shaft, which was in the bathroom or neighbors in the kitchen.
T-shaped models do not lose popularity:
- Siemens LC66BHM50 is economical (consuming 136 W). Operates in normal mode (low noise, 368 m3/h) or intensive mode (noise 69 dB, 605 m3/h).
- Elica JOY BLIX/A/60 has a filter clogging indicator, three speeds, you can switch to intensive mode, dimensions are above average 60 and 47 cm. Cleans 600 m3/hour, has built-in halogen lamps.
For small rooms, you can consider the following options for exhaust devices:
- Gorenje BHP623E12X capacity 368 m3 /hour. Three speeds are provided, there is a check valve, air can be recirculated. Quite noisy (71 dB). It has a sliding panel, LED backlight.
- Eleyus Line I 50 WH copes with an air flow of 380 cubic meters. / hour. Three speeds, can function in recirculation mode. Incandescent lamps, noise up to 65 dB, reasonable price.
Everyone chooses a device to their taste: in some cases, quiet operation is most important, in others compactness, high power, low price. Appearance is always important, the device must be combined with the design of the room. It is also important that the device cleans the air with high quality in specific conditions. You can learn more about the functions of different models, their advantages and disadvantages, and new products from consultants in the hardware store.