The kitchen is one of the most difficult rooms to decorate in an apartment. There are special conditions and high temperature air containing particles of fat from cooking and water vapor. In addition, in the kitchen you need to place a lot of necessary elements that you can’t do without: a stove, a refrigerator, a sink, a furniture set.
But it is desirable to have this equipment, but you can do without it: a microwave oven, a dishwasher, an oven and all kinds of little things (grill, coffee maker, toaster, food processor, meat grinder). This can also be attributed to the hood. Some cook all their lives without it.
Appliance manufacturers offer an abundance of useful devices for daily or occasional use. But the space is not empty. A large number of items, if they are rarely used, will only litter the kitchen. Therefore, it is useful for everyone to prioritize: do you need a hood in the kitchen, or can you refuse it.
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Ventilation above the gas stove is directly related to maintaining the health of the inhabitants of the apartment. As a result of the combustion of gas, harmful substances are formed that must be removed from the kitchen. And this is exactly what the hood does.
Advantages and disadvantages
Kitchen without hood has its pros and cons. The advantages include:
- A more attractive view of the kitchen, as there is no bulky device above the stove, in the very center of attention.
- The absence of an exhaust device is welcomed by the owners of a too small kitchen. So it is possible to free up at least some free space for an additional cabinet.
- Some prefer the original design, which does not fit well with a standard hood.
- Another argument of opponents of the hood is the loud noise that this device makes during operation.
The disadvantages may not be immediately noticeable, but they are more significant:
- Through the hood, small particles that enter the air during cooking are removed: oil, moisture, soot. We don’t see them, but they don’t disappear from the kitchen. Over time, they will show up on the walls, ceiling, furniture surfaces in the form of a layer of greasy plaque, which is quite difficult to remove. In some places, it eats in so hard that it changes the color of the surface: the walls, the ceiling acquire a yellowish, dirty tint. And the only way to get rid of it is by making early repairs.
For those who have a hood, it is easier to wash and clean the kitchen, since less plaque is formed. First of all, you should thoroughly wash the filter of the device, as well as the surfaces closest to the stove. Most of the rest of the items remain clean.
- Odors are removed through the hood, otherwise they are absorbed into kitchen textiles and furniture. This is of particular importance in houses and apartments where the kitchen is not separated by a door from the rest of the space. And this is very common in modern design: kitchen-studio, kitchen-dining room, kitchen-living room. It is not very pleasant to rest, smelling the food being prepared, especially if something is burnt.
- The problem with excessive humidity is being solved. Since for most interior items this is harmful and leads to premature deterioration of the material, this is also a significant minus.
Types of kitchen hoods
The answer to the question of whether a hood is needed in an apartment above a gas stove is unequivocal – yes. The benefits of the hood when using an electric stove are also obvious: less moisture, odors, cleaner all surfaces in the kitchen. There are many varieties of this device:
- built-in and suspended;
- island and wall;
- dome (fireplace) and recirculation.
Manufacturers of household appliances are trying to cope with the shortcomings of the kitchen hood. Modern models emit less noise, if necessary, you can find very quiet devices. The large dimensions of this device are also not necessary, but in a classic interior or on a large area, a domed model is indispensable.
An alternative to flow hoods that bring air with waste particles outside are circulation models. They look very modern, small and fit perfectly into any design. They look like an inclined or horizontal surface, almost flat, take up little space. With limited space, they can be the right solution to the problem.
But these models are not without drawbacks. They don’t deal well with odors. To remove it, you will have to open a window. The filters are carbon type. They cannot be washed and put back, as in flow models. Each time you will need to buy a new one, which is not economically viable. Also, their power is usually lower than that of flowing ones. They are not suitable for large rooms or where a lot and often cook.
Purpose of the hood
Before planning the purchase of appliances in the house, you need to understand why you need a hood in the kitchen. And this is primarily in order to improve the microclimate in the kitchen. It is pleasant to be in a room with odorless air, excessive humidity and clean from oil impurities, and it is good for health.
The cleaning function is provided by a simple mechanism: the motor turns on the rotation of the fan. The air from the kitchen is drawn into the pipe and enters the street. Circulating hoods provide for air purification using carbon filters and return it back to the room. Understanding why a hood is needed, everyone concludes whether he will buy and install this device or not. For example, there are people who cook little. To impose on them an extra item in the kitchen does not make sense.
Do you need it in the kitchen?
After a person decides whether he needs a hood over the stove, you can proceed to the choice of the product and the method of its attachment. Flow hoods purify the air better, cope with large volumes, but are noisy and lead to heat loss from the room. Circulating ones are less effective in fighting fat and do not help to remove the smell at all, but they are more compact and look aesthetically pleasing, keep the heat in the house.
A hood over an electric stove will extend the life of all coatings and materials in the kitchen, keeping the kitchen clean and pleasant for longer.
The hood for a gas stove will protect against damage to the respiratory system, headaches, fatigue, removing harmful products of gas combustion.
When you can do without a hood
If you order food at home, there is no need for a hood. There are houses in which a centralized ventilation system is organized with a powerful fan on top. In such cases, you can also do without additional installation of a hood in the kitchen. But this applies only to cases with forced ventilation. Ordinary shafts are not designed to purify the air in the kitchen at the level that is needed. They simply contribute to the exchange of air inside and outside the house.
Some people regularly ventilate the kitchen at any time of the year, and enough air enters the apartment through the window. If the room is small at the same time, or rarely cooked, you can refuse the hood even in a kitchen with a gas stove. However, such cleansing is fraught with drafts, colds. If in doubt why you need a hood over the stove, think about what exactly does not suit you in this device. For every problem there is always a solution.
If the appearance of the hood is embarrassing, but a person understands the unconditional benefits of using it, there are many options for how to hide it. Built-in models are not so noticeable. The device is located inside the cabinet, which harmoniously fits into the kitchen along with the rest of the same pieces of furniture.
If you need to hide the pipes through which air enters the shaft of the house, there are also many ideas: built-in, insulated under a suspended, plasterboard or stretch ceiling, closed with special casings.
Combined hoods can be installed: they can operate in 2 modes, both circulation and flow. They can be adjusted, as needed, including one of the modes (one is quieter, the other is more powerful).
Refusing the hood to save space is also ill-conceived. After all, it is still impossible to place cabinets and interior details above the stove. Above the hood, it is quite possible to organize a place to store kitchen utensils, which are not used very often.
In general, the hood improves the air quality in the kitchen, reduces the degree of contamination of all materials, and eliminates the smells of cooked food. Saving on the installation of the device, you can lose more money on subsequent cleaning and repairs. To aesthetically and beautifully design a kitchen with a hood, you may need to look at more models, stop at more expensive options, or contact a designer.