Plasterboard ceiling in the kitchen is one of the most popular solutions in modern homes. Reasons – GKL (gypsum plasterboard) is an inexpensive material, suitable for specific kitchen conditions. And most importantly – it is extremely flexible and easy to use. With it, you can realize the most daring and diverse design ideas.
Advantages and disadvantages
The advantages of plasterboard ceilings in the kitchen include:
- Moisture resistance (if using moisture-resistant drywall options), in which mold microbes do not develop.
- Environmentally friendly, non-flammable material. Consists of gypsum inside and cardboard sheets outside.
- Plastic, allows you to perform straight and rounded shapes.
- It does not require preparation of the ceiling surface, as it hides cracks, seams, uneven bases.
- After finishing, they get a perfectly flat surface, the joints are invisible, as they are puttied.
- The material is quite light.
- It is the basis for further design. The options are so diverse that for any style and shape, room size, financial capabilities, you can choose the appropriate type of plasterboard ceiling.
- The damaged element is easily replaced, there is no need to redo the entire structure for this.
- Facilitates the task of zoning the room and lighting. It is advisable to think over the number and types of lighting fixtures in advance and purchase everything, since the laying of wires occurs before the installation of drywall boards.
- Provides good sound insulation, retains heat. Additionally, soundproofing material can be laid over drywall.
- Resistant to lamp heat.
What to consider when choosing drywall for finishing ceilings:
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- Choose moisture resistant models – they are green.
- Carefully use in new buildings, especially in high-rise buildings, since significant shrinkage occurs in the first years after the commissioning of the object. There may be cracks in the ceiling.
- In the absence of experience in construction work and the desire to make a ceiling with your own hands, preference should be given to simple structures of a single-level type. Complex calculations and delicate work are best left to specialists.
- When choosing a decorative coating, you need to take into account that surfaces in the kitchen get dirty quickly, so washable materials will last longer and look better.
- For each level of the ceiling, an additional 10 cm is required.
Plasterboard structures are not suitable for those who want to quickly and without construction debris solve the issue of installing the ceiling (as is the case with tension ones). However, sometimes it’s worth waiting 2-3 days to get a unique, spectacular ceiling that will improve the look and functionality of the entire kitchen by an order of magnitude.
What drywall ceilings are used in the kitchen?
Consider the most common options for a false ceiling in a plasterboard kitchen. Ceilings of two or more levels in the form of construction are:
- Frame type – repeat the perimeter of the room. Can be rectangular, square, oval, round.
- Diagonal type – the level boundary runs along the diagonal of the ceiling. One corner of the room is higher, the other – with an additional level.
- Zonal type – the second level is formed above a certain zone, visually separating it from the rest of the space.
For small rooms, single-level plasterboard ceilings are chosen. They can also look interesting, even, take a minimum of height during installation. The height loss is from 7 cm, but you can build in lamps for additional lighting, level the surface. Depending on the style in the kitchen, choose a light glossy or matte finish, plaster, pattern.
It is most convenient to make a plasterboard ceiling, consisting of two levels. This allows you to hide the pipe from the hood, focus on functional areas, and correct the perception of the geometric shape of the room.
So, the use of square figures, transverse lintels, beams in an elongated narrow room will make it more proportional. The repetition of shapes on the floor and ceiling will emphasize the division of the room into zones. An additional level around the perimeter will make it possible to make a floating ceiling due to the LED strip laid in the niche.
Most of the possibilities for design open up with a combination of different materials. A two-level plasterboard ceiling is the basis, then real creativity begins. Use a stretch fabric for one of the levels or for both at once. Decorate a niche with photo wallpaper, a mirror, frescoes. They make a mix of tiles and mirrors, mosaics. In general, the choice is almost limitless.
The more complex the plasterboard ceiling model, the more interesting and unique solutions. It should be borne in mind that in small rooms such a design will look cumbersome. You can start implementing if the height of the kitchen allows, and even better if you have a studio apartment combined with a living room or dining room.
In this case, you can make complex patterns from three-dimensional structures on the ceiling, repeat the contours of the bar counter, dining area, make niches and vice versa, low levels anywhere. And also – to make arches, a dome, multi-colored spirals, waves, flowers and abstract figures. Repair of such a complex room is recommended to be entrusted to specialists.
The principle of installing a drywall box on the ceiling is simple. There are suspended and false ceiling structures. Brackets, metal rods, wire are used as suspensions. They hold the frame of the profiles. Sheets of drywall are attached to it.
With the hemming method, the drywall frame is mounted directly to the base ceiling. At the same time, a minimum of height (5 – 10 cm) is lost, the structure comes out strong. Often this option is used for a single-level ceiling. If there are more levels, these two systems can be combined.
Of the tools you will need:
- Laser level, marking tool – pencil or thread.
- Screwdriver, perforator.
- Dowels, crabs, screws.
- Knife for cutting drywall, scissors for metal.
- Putty knife.
- Roulette corner.
- Gypsum board 12 mm thick.
- Profile type UD and CD, hangers, anchors, connectors for profiles, if the length of the ceiling is long.
- Sealing tape for profiles.
- For finishing – putty and primer.
The method of finishing depends on the style of the kitchen. An obligatory step is puttying the surface. This will make the joints of drywall boards invisible. Next, choose paint, wallpaper, stretch fabric or plaster. In many ways, this is determined by the style of the room:
- Plaster is used in plain light for classic styles, for other areas Venetian, mosaic, textured plaster is suitable.
- For country, Provence, drywall beams are pasted over with wallpaper or thermal film under a tree.
- Glossy surfaces fit modern, stretch PVC film or photo image. The contours are smooth and asymmetrical.
- With the help of illumination, the ceiling “night sky with stars”, a soaring ceiling are realized.
The design takes on a finished look after the installation of the backlight. Use spotlights, pendant lights of different levels, a central chandelier. A special atmosphere is created by lamps that are hidden from view between two levels of the ceiling or go along the edge of the lower level. The light diffuses and visually “raises” the upper level of the two-tiered ceiling. To do this, use neon tubes and LED strips. Choose white light or colored light.
How to paint
When choosing paint, consider color and texture. Light colors make designs lighter. You can combine contrasting colors with multi-level ceilings in a plasterboard kitchen. In order for the surface to remain clean for a long time, it must be adapted for regular cleaning. Paints come with a glossy and matte effect. In composition:
- Acrylic paints tolerate moisture well, the ceiling can be washed. In addition, a large selection of palettes.
- Water-based paint is inexpensive, but the surface will need to be updated periodically, as it gets dirty quickly enough, and it cannot be washed.
- Water dispersion – more resistant to water. Such a ceiling can be wiped with a damp cloth and kept clean for a long time.
- Silicone – forms a film on the surface that reliably protects against water and mold. Easy to apply, makes seams and small cracks invisible.
Do-it-yourself installation steps for a two-level plasterboard ceiling
One of the important advantages of plasterboard kitchen ceilings is that you can do them yourself:
- Mark the walls with a level and painter’s cord. Separately mark the location of each level – a zero ceiling and a box. The reading is carried out from the lowest point of the concrete base. The boundaries of the box or niche according to the project are applied to the ceiling. It is convenient to use a laser level if there are a lot of engineering structures on the ceiling such as wires, corrugations.
- Along the marked lines, guide profiles are screwed around the perimeter – along the walls and ceiling.
- Hang drywall boards.
- The profiles of the additional perimeter are fastened together using self-tapping screws for metal. This will give greater strength to the entire structure.
- On drywall, mark the lower boundary of the ceiling and screw guide profiles to it. In increments of approximately 40 cm, vertical jumpers are installed.
- Excess drywall is cut off.
- Vertical sides are fixed with horizontal jumpers. They will serve as a frame for the lower level.
- Install ceiling profiles every 40 cm for zero level fixing. Every 70 – 85 cm, suspensions are mounted along the marked lines on both sides of the profile. They are attached to concrete.
- The profiles on the hangers are aligned with a strong thread, after which they are screwed to the hangers.
- Sew up the zero level of the ceiling with drywall. Start from the corners. Self-tapping screws are fixed every 20 cm. Drywall joints should be cut at an angle of approximately 22.5 degrees, so that together the two sheets form an angle of 45 degrees. The heads of the self-tapping screws need to be slightly sunk into the drywall so that they do not protrude below the level.
- Before you finally sew up the surface, you need to run all the electrical wires and check their performance.
- Sheathe the box from the bottom with drywall, close the side with a vertical side.
- In drywall, it is necessary to cut holes for lamps with a cutter.
- If you need to determine the center of the room, this is easy to do by pulling the threads diagonally across the ceiling. The place of their intersection is the desired center.
- Before putty and primer, it is recommended to seal the seams of the plates with sickle tape.
Drywall is a very convenient material for a kitchen ceiling. Before you start work, choose the design of the ceiling in the kitchen. Think about how it fits with the interior. Watch helpful videos and tips on how to realize your idea.